See the keys, the modes, the chords and the arpeggios with the SWS!
Use the SWS to find what chords and therefore modes and arpeggios are available for each key.
Putting this together in the SWS and we get the diagram below.
What’s important here is that you both understand the concept and can play it!
||4 + 7
||2 + 6
||b2 + b6
||#4 + 7
||4 + b7
||2 + b6
Expand Pentatonic Scales into Modes
Your aim should be to naturally associate, for example, chord VI with a minor chord and a minor pentatonic.
From these building blocks we add the necessary intervals to build the mode.
Since they all relate to the same shape, this should not be impossible.
The more songs you learn, the clearer the connection will be.
Possibly the best way to progress is to simply take an interest in whatever you can already play, translate the progression to numbers and start tracing scales.
It would be wiser to approach things this way, rather than trying to analyse a song you can not yet play.