See the keys, the modes, the chords and the arpeggios with the SWS!
Putting this together in the SWS and we get the diagram below.
What’s important here is that you both understand the concept and can play it!
|Add||4 + 7||2 + 6||b2 + b6||#4 + 7||4 + b7||2 + b6||N/A|
Expand Pentatonic Scales into Modes
Your aim should be to naturally associate, for example chord VI with 5 chord, arpeggio and pentatonic shapes.
From these building blocks we add the necessary intervals to build the mode.
Since they all relate to the same shape, this should not be impossible.
The more songs you learn, and the deeper you transcribe them, the clearer the connection will be.
Possibly the best way to progress is to simply take an interest in whatever you can play, translate that to numbers and start tracing scales.
It would be wiser to approach things this way, rather than trying to analyze a song you yet can not play.