Intermediate Chord Progression

Discover the most common variations to a chord progression

The blues, the x and m variations

Watch This Video

Chord progressions – The X and M variations


In the beginner course and on the page, beginner chord progression, we learned about diatonic chord progressions (chords built off the major scale).

In the intermediate courses, we study the most common variations.

The standard diatonic chords, paired with the most common variations like IVm, IIIx and bVIIx is what makes up all chord progressions in popular music. You can learn more about these in the Guitar Conspiracy.

All these variations originate from the Blues, where we temporarily move between minor and major.

Let’s take a look at how the blues did this and how it has influenced chord progressions in not just blues, but all popular music we hear today.


The most important variation that started it all

When the Blues first began to evolve, being accompanied by a guitar, the instruments were of low quality with very high string action.

Therefore, the early blues musicians tuned their guitars to open major chords such as E, D, G and A. A bottleneck slide was then used to swap between the different chords in order to form a progression for the singer to tell their story over.

Instead of chord I being a major chord, or when extended, a maj7, Blues musicians decided that a dom7 chord was a better idea.

What’s more, they simply moved that whole pattern to fret five to get the IV chord and did the same thing there, so A7D7 for example.


Open position A7 chord

A7

Back in standard tuning and the clue to what this has done to modern songwriting can be found in the chord shapes.

Notice that the 3rd is a C# (2nd string, 2nd fret)

A singer would naturally choose to phrase using chord notes since they feel the most comfortable to sing.

Over the A7 chord, a singer naturally choose the notes A, C#, E or G.


Open position D7 chord

D7

When we move to the next chord, the IV7, or in the key of A, a D7, we can see that the b7th interval is a C, not a C#.

In relation to the A chord, this is a m3rd.

Moving from A7 to D7 is not harmonically correct, Beethoven and Mozart would have been furious –  It should be Amaj7Dmaj7!

The D7’s b7th interval, the C, is a semitone away from the A7’s major 3rd interval, the C#.

By switching between the two dom7 chords we have created the feeling of a movement between A major and A minor.

Moving like this between minor and major sounded so good that it soon started being employed everywhere.

In fact, any of the diatonic chords can be switched from minor to major or major to minor as a result of it. In many ways, popular music is this very clash between the blues and the diatonic chords.

To read and memorize this type of information may be interesting, but it is unfortunately in many ways pointless. You must connect names like IVm to sounds by playing real songs. Otherwise, this information has no real value.

Learning guitar and improving your ear can only be done through actually playing songs. Taking notes of music theory from the songs you know is what you will develop from.

You simply must learn about chord progressions, with all its possible variations, by playing real songs.


Acoustic Guitar Lessons


Hey There Delilah – Step 1

In this first step, we learn how to play the verse and chorus from Hey There Delilah, just like on the original recording.

Use the TAB loops to master these two relatively simple sections of the song.

Go to Hey There Delilah Step 1.


Mad World – Step 1

To learn how to play Mad World, we start by looking at the verse. First, practice all examples to the loop as the TAB display, then start improvising the patterns.

This composition is in Dorian, which means chord II is our home.

Go to Mad World Step 1.


Whistle For The Choir – Step 1

We are back playing a song again, well, almost.

In this step, we go through all the areas you can play this song in for the key of A.

Go to Whistle For The Choir Step 1.


Blowin’ In The Wind – Step 1

In this step, we learn the verse of Blowin’ In The Wind using a capo on fret 2.

What you’ll hear is in the key of D, however, you must think as if in the key of C.

Go to Blowin’ In The Wind Step 1.


Kiss Me – Step 1

In this step, we actually start playing the song.

First up are the intro, instrumental, verse sections which all use the progression: Maj – maj7 – dom7 – maj7 on a loop.

Go to Kiss Me Step 1.


Babylon – Step 1

Today we finally start working on a song again!

It’s Babylon by David Gray and of course, it does have a hammer-on and pull-off lick in it.

Go to Babylon Step 1.


Fast Car – Step 1

In this first step, we learn how to play the two guitar parts that make up the original verse of Fast Car.

Complete this step and you’ll realize that just working out the original part is not enough if you want to learn how to actually write something like this.

Go to Fast Car Step 1.


Angie – Step 1

In the first step of how to play Angie, we look at how to strum the verse and chorus.

Use the TAB loops to practice each section individually.

Go to Angie Step 1.


American Pie – Step 1

It’s time to discover how one of the world’s most legendary songs was put together.

Let’s put Don McLean’s American Pie under the microscope, we start with the chorus.

Go to American Pie Step 1.


A Change Is Gonna Come – Step 1

In this firsts step, we learn two extremely detailed TAB examples which are exact transcriptions of what I play in the video with the singer.

Out of all 8 steps, this is by far the most difficult. It is also the most complex lesson so far in this course.

Go to A Change Is Gonna Come Step 1.


Sunny Afternoon – Step 1

Before we start exploring how to play Sunny Afternoon I want you to gain a firm understanding of the triplet feel.

To achieve this we play the sweeping exercise using 12/8, shuffle, and swing rhythms.

Go to Sunny Afternoon Step 1.


Dreadlock Holiday – Step 1

In this first step, we play the intro, the verse and the bridge of this pop-reggae classic by 10cc.

A few chords in this one guitar arrangement are not correct. Find out what we can learn from this.

Go to Dreadlock Holiday Step 1.


I’m Yours – Step 1

Let’s find out how to write a hit melody! The secret is in rhythmic repetition and how the intervals relate to the chords.

To understand this we start by studying the nursery rhyme Itsy Bitsy Spider, which is actually more complex than I’m Yours.

Go to I’m Yours Step 1.


Red – Step 1

In the first step, we look at how to play the verse of Red as played in this one acoustic guitar arrangement.

The tempo has been lowered from 92 to 78 BPM and the overall feel is very different from the original.

Go to Red Step 1.


Starman – Step 1

In this first step, we look at the intro with its unique Bbadd#11 chord and the much more common Fmaj7.

Following this, we also work on the verse which has an unusual order of common chords from the key of F. TAB loops are available for everything.

Go to Starman Step 1.


I Can’t Stand The Rain – Step 1

In this first step, we look at how to play the main riff in the key of A.

To learn from it we study the intervals, play it in five areas of the neck as well as consider hammer on’s, bends, slides and pull off’s.

Go to I Can’t Stand The Rain Step 1.


Electric Guitar Lessons


Rescue Me – Step 1

For bands playing other people’s songs, Rescue Me has become an easy classic to add to the Motown/Soul repertoire.

Before we look at how to play each section in detail, let’s have a listen to the complete song and study a Bars and Beats chart.

Go to Rescue Me Step 1.


You Can’t Hurry Love – Step 1

Written in 1966 by Motown’s production team Holland-Dozier-Holland, You Can’t Hurry Love went straight to #1 in the Billboard charts.

Sixteen years later, Phil Collins recorded it in a different key and again put it back at the #1 spot, this time in the U.K.

Go to You Can’t Hurry Love Step 1.


Can I Get A Witness – Step 1

Today we start working on Marvin Gaye’s Can I Get A Witness. This is a song in the key of Eb and structured similarly to a blues.

Before we dive into how to play the main riff, let’s have a listen to the complete song and map out the arrangement.

Go to Can I Get A Witness Step 1.


Be My Baby – Step 1

In this lesson, we start working on Be My Baby, an early Motown smash hit produced by Phil Spector and performed by The Ronettes.

Before we get into building the guitar part, let’s have a listen to the complete song.

Go to Be My Baby Step 1.


Soul Man – Step 1

Today we start working on Soul Man by Sam & Dave. This song is, unlike many songs in this course, built around a driving and repetitive guitar riff.

The man behind the guitar part is Steve Cropper, a legendary soul guitarist who was a member of Booker T. & the M.G.’s.

Go to Soul Man Step 1.


Money (That’s What I Want) – Step 1

Today we start learning Money (That’s What I Want). Written by Barry Gordy and performed by Barrett Strong.

This is an early Motown hit with an easy to recognize guitar riff that has been covered by many artists and bands since.

Go to Money (That’s What I Want) Step 1.


I Heard It Through The Grapevine – Step 1

Today we start working on a new song in Marvin Gaye’s I Heard It Through The Grapevine.

This song has a very clever chord progression. The home chord, Ebm, feels different depending on what section it appears in.

Go to I Heard It Through The Grapevine Step 1.


Get Ready – Step 1

Written and produced by Smokey Robinson, Get Ready was originally written for a dance craze at the time.

Performed by The Temptations, it was released in 1966 and made it to the number 1 spot in the R & B charts.

Go to Get Ready Step 1.


Son Of A Preacher Man – Step 1

Today we start working on a new song in Dusty Springfield’s legendary Son Of A Preacher Man.

Due to the lack of guitar on the original recording, we are going to have to invent a guitar part.

Go to Son Of A Preacherman Step 1.


My Guy – Step 1

A standard on the Motown/Soul setlist, this sugar-sweet pop hit is a must to learn for the aspiring soul guitarist.

With one foot in jazz rather than blues, we get more maj7 and 6 chords than dom7 chords.

Go to My Guy Step 1.


Respect – Step 1

Originally, Respect was written by Otis Redding but aimed for a singer called Speedo Sims who made an attempt to record it with his band.

After an unsuccessful session at legendary Muscle Shoals studios, Otis decided to record it himself and then again with Aretha Franklin.

Go to Respect Step 1.


Jimmy Mack – Step 1

With Jimmy Mack, we get a relatively straight forward arrangement, although there are little variations in there.

Let’s start this off by listening to the complete song and work out the structure.

Go to Jimmy Mack Step 1.


Master Blaster – Step 1

Today we start working on Master Blaster (Jammin’) by Stevie Wonder.

This is probably my favorite song to play as it literally encourages me to improvise, or as the title suggests, Jammin’.

Go to Master Blaster Step 1.


Related Pages


Exercises

All those open position chords you learned in the beginner course now become barre chords and pentatonic scales.

We’ll use this to map out the entire fretboard. Everything becomes easier to visualize once this foundation is laid.

Go to Intermediate Guitar Exercises.


Acoustic Course

Learning how to play guitar is best done through playing and learning from songs.

The intermediate songs require you to learn barre chords and pentatonic scales. This will be revolutionary for your understanding of the guitar fretboard.

Go to Intermediate Guitar Course.


Acoustic Songs

Learn how to play famous intermediate songs.

A Change Is Gonna Come, American Pie, Angie, Babylon, Blowin’ In The Wind, Dreadlock Holiday, Fast Car, Hey There Delilah, I Can’t Stand The Rain, I’m Yours, Kiss Me, Mad World, Red, Starman, Sunny Afternoon, and Whistle For The Choir.

Go to Intermediate Acoustic Songs.


Electric Course

Learning how to play guitar is best done through playing and learning from songs.

These Motown/Soul songs require you to learn how to play fractions of barre chord shapes and build improvised licks using pentatonic scales.

Go to Intermediate Electric Guitar Course.


Electric Songs

Learn how to play famous Motown & Soul songs on the electric guitar.

Be My Baby, Can I Get A Witness, Get Ready, I Heard It Through The Grapevine, Jimmy Mack, Master Blaster (Jammin’), Money (That’s What I Want), My Guy, Rescue Me, Respect, Son Of A Preacher Man, Soul Man, and You Can’t Hurry Love.

Go to Intermediate Electric Songs.


Join

A monthly subscription with access to all acoustic and electric step by step lessons, each one designed to bring your guitar playing skills to the next level.

Including detailed, but bite-sized explanations on how the music theory of each song is applied to the neck.

Go to Monthly Subscription.